The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has published research regarding Motor Vehicle Safety as it relates to Work-Related Fatalities.
As seen in the CDC research:
Motor vehicle-related incidents are consistently the leading cause of work-related fatalities in the United States. Of approximately 5,700 fatalities annually reported by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, 35% are associated with motor vehicles. Between 2002-2008, on average:
- 1354 workers died each year from crashes on public highways
- 324 workers died each year in crashes that occurred
off the highway or on industrial premises.
- 358 pedestrian workers died each year as a result of being struck by a motor vehicle.
The research goes on to say that according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) there were 3.9 million “motor vehicle operators” in the U.S. labor force in 2008. Of these motor vehicle operators, over 40% (1.7 million) were heavy truck (including tractor-trailer) drivers.
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has recently (December 2010) started the NIOSH Center for Motor Vehicle Safety. According to the web page:
The Center’s initiatives will address road safety for workers across all industries and occupations based on rigorous assessment of research needs. Development of the research program will consider all potential risk factors for work-related motor vehicle crashes, including use of occupant restraints, fatigue, vehicle design, work organization, and employer policies. The NCMVS research program will explore a wide range of possible solutions based on technology, organizational change, behavioral change, and management approaches. NCMVS activities will be guided by the “public health model,” a data-driven approach that begins with collection of injury data, leading to identification of risk factors, development of injury prevention strategies, and transfer and evaluation of these strategies in the workplace.